The second parallel agreement is the North American Environmental Cooperation Agreement (NAAEC), which established the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) in 1994. The CEC`s mission is to improve regional cooperation on the environment, reduce possible trade and environmental conflicts and promote the effective application of environmental legislation. It also facilitates cooperation and public participation in efforts to promote the conservation, protection and enhancement of the North American environment. It consists of three main elements: the Council (Minister of the Environment), the Joint Public Advisory Committee (JPAC) and the Secretariat, headquartered in Montreal. It has an annual budget of $9 million, with Canada, Mexico and the United States contributing $3 million per year, and is governed by a consensus (non-majority). The U.S. Agreement Mexico City-Canada (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties. The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The CUSMA, as Canada calls it, but is called usmca in the United States, replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed in 1994. At the time, it created the largest free trade agreement in the world. The United States, Mexico and Canada have reached an agreement that benefits American farmers, ranchers and agricultural businesses. While NAFTA agriculture has generally developed well, significant improvements to the agreement will ensure fairer trade in food and agriculture and increase exports of U.S. agricultural products.
On March 1, 2019, many organizations representing the agricultural sector in the United States announced their support for the USMCA and asked Congress to ratify the agreement. They also called on the Trump administration to maintain NAFTA until the new trade agreement is ratified.  On March 4, however, House Ways and Means President Richard Neal predicted a « very hard » path through Congress for the deal.  Beginning March 7, senior White House officials met with members of the House Ways and Means as well as moderate caucuses from both sides, such as the Solvers Caucus, the Tuesday Group, and the Blue Dog Coalition, in order to gain support for ratification. . . .