Adverbs can be formed from adjectives, ordinal numbers: « kaṯīran often, often, often, many » « We have already mentioned that the sex of an irregular plural noun does not always correspond to the sex of its singular. 7According to Jespersen, there is usually a clear distinction in languages between the subtantives and the adjectives. Words that refer to ideas such as « stone, » « tree » and « knife » are considered contained, while « big, » « old » and « grey » are adjectives everywhere. This division is based on the general fact that nouns and adjectives refer to the qualities found in these things. It seems that this explanation is not satisfactory, because if the abstract name « wisdom » and the adjective « wise » are compared, we can see that the two are of the same qualities. Even if only two of the five words in the English sentences in (4), demonstrative and verb, it is seen on four of the five words in Arabic sentences in (5): the demonstrative, the two adjectives and the verb. Some substantives are generally characterized by a specific prefix اَلـ al- (reduced to successive vowels, and other assimilations to (a)t-, (a)s-, (a)r- before certain consonants). Indeterminate names are usually marked by the following nunation (one-n). Adjectives that change a name are consistent with the name in certainty and take the same marks: `Note: names that end with `female alifs` or `female n`alif` are prohibited at lunchtime. 64As it turned out, there are two models of agreement concerning a collective nostun, which designates humans. This can be constructed with an adjective in singular form or within the singular.
A singular adjective is related to the grammatial sex of the collective noun, while a plural adjective is related to persons designated by the collective noun. The explanation for the variations in concordance with the collective subtantives can be supplemented in the following concordance models: The nomic and adjective bypass system described below is classical Arabic, but the system in modern current language varieties is virtually unchanged. Changes in some courses are explained below. ↵2 We use Corbetts (2006) the distinction between the « syntactic » and the « semantic » agreement. The syntactic agreement refers to cases where the morphology of the target corresponds to the controller`s morphosytic characteristics, while semantic match refers to cases where the target reproduces the controller`s semantic properties. All the compliance rules we had so far appear in the sentences below. First look at each sentence, then ask yourself why the verb is conjugated as it is, and why the adjectives appear as they do. Then look at my discussion after the sentences. d: Verbal noun: for example, ra`ulun `adlun (« a righteous man. ») According to Kafa`s grammars, this Nominus has the same value of active participatory, while according to Bara`s grammars, the rectum nomen is hidden and must be reconstructed as follows (taqd`r mu`f): ra`ulun ḏū `adlin.7 5 Ibn Ya`a (`ar`al-Mufa`al, p. 47) gives the following example of « specification » and « clarification: » ra`ulun `al`mun is more specific than ra`ul – an unspecified noun.
In the sentence Zaydun l-Qilu, the adjective helps to distinguish between Zaydun l-Qilu and other men named Zayd, because the adjective clarifies to whom the spokesman refers. See Anbaré, Asrér al-Arabiyya, 293. 57 Statistics show that the appearance of adjectives in the broken plural is almost identical to the appearance of adjectives in the lupural.