If MEPs and Member States vote in favour of adopting the agreement in the coming weeks, the Commission can start preparing for Horizon Europe to start as soon as Horizon 2020, the current research programme, expires at the end of next year. In addition to reducing the risk of research funding being cut off in 2021, the agreement also offers a much clearer picture of what Horizon Europe will be. This horizontal part of Horizon Europe includes two main areas of action. The expansion of participation and the dissemination of excellence recognises the need to take more steps to address Member States that are not well represented in the participation rates of the framework programme. « Reforming and Enhancing the European R-I system » has been a central political priority for two decades, when the concept of the European Research Area (ERDF) was developed. The relevant policies are therefore aimed at countries that are lagging behind in their research and development efforts. D and their infrastructure. Their overall goal is to share knowledge with these countries and improve their research and innovation landscape. EU negotiators have also agreed on a list of public partnership areas.
As part of Horizon 2020, the European Commission is working to establish a large number of partnerships that represent a significant part of the budget. One of Horizon Europe`s objectives was to streamline the financial landscape and adopt a new, lean approach to public-private partnerships. There is now agreement on eight public-private partnerships, including one on « hydrogen and sustainable energy storage technologies, with a reduced ecological footprint and less energy-intensive production. » On the other hand, Switzerland negotiated a new framework agreement that governs much of its relations with the EU and presented the question of a national consultation that could lead to a referendum. Swiss researchers fear that the Commission will exclude them from all programmes, including Horizon Europe, if the agreement is not ratified by the end of 2020. On 20 March 2019, a partial general agreement was reached between the Commission, the European Parliament and the Member States. For the current proposal to become a general agreement, it is above all necessary to agree between Member States on the budgetary aspects and, therefore, on the Multi-Year Financial Framework (MFF).